He set up reforms in various areas. Numerous civil works were carried out during his short reign. Sher Shah introduced the following military reforms: 1. 2. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. These rulers spent a fortune on raising architectural wonders throughout their domains. sher shah suri is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can get it instantly. His military reforms were those of Ala-ud-din Khalji and even his revenue administration was not really new and original. He had both civil and military power in his hands. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. MERITS OF LAND REVENUE SYSTEM Shershah is known to have made a systematic survey and measurement of the entire cultivable land of his empire using a unit called Sikandari … He also maintains the descriptive roles of soldiers to avoid malpractices in the army. 4. MILITARY ORGANIZATION. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. Later, in the 16th century, it was re-built by Emperor Sher Shah Suri (1472-1545) and re-christened as Sadak-e-Azam (meaning the Great Road) primarily for military and administrative reasons. Sher Shah (شیرشاہ) was a visionary ruler and introduced many military and civil reforms. Reforms of Sher shah:-Sher Shah was , according to all Estimates a man of varied talents and extraordinary genius. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. Sher Shah had a vast empire for administration. Which Mughal Emperor was defeated by Sher Shah Suri? Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. The system of tri-metalism which came to characterize Mughal coinage was largely the creation of Sher Shah Suri. Answer: (b) Humayun. He introduced several military reforms and supervised the recruitment of the soldiers personally. Humayun was defeated by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri and the Battle of Chausa (near Buxar in Bihar) in 1539. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shahbecame his successor. His original name was Farid. The salaries of the soldiers and the officers were fixed according to their skill and ability. Sher Shah’s land revenue reforms, based on wise and humane principles, have unique importance in the administrative history of India; for they served as the model for future agrarian systems. Question 4. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. His main care was the military organization for the safety of the Kingdom against invasion or internal disorder. Military reforms of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri (also Sher Khan) realized the need of a strong army and in his fight against the Mughals he relied mostly on the Afghans whom he invited from different parts of the country and employed them to positions suitable to everybody’s ability. The despotism of the highest order could be seen in the politico admin system created Sher Shah was an Afghan landlord of Sehsaram in Bengal who defeated the Humayun, the son of Babur and the emperor of the Mughal dynasty. So much is he famous for this supposed achievement, that even today, it is called Sher Shah Suri Marg. He took personal interest in the appointment and training of soldiers. Akbar later built on these reforms and extended them further. Following this defeat, he was driven into exile in Persia. Sher Shah Suri(1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empirein India, with its capital in Sasaramin modern-day Bihar. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Originally called Farid, Sher Shah Suri was born near Hoshiarpur in Punjab. Besides, … He had an unhappy childhood. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. Sher Shah was a capable military and civilian administrator. Sher Shah was a great expansionist and wanted to expand his kingdom. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Our book servers hosts in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Sher Shah Suri History :Real Name of Sher Shah Suri was Farid Khan. He introduced the system of taking down the descriptive rolls and branding the horses to prevent corruption and the evil practice of salse musters. Sher Shah Suri followed Sultanate pattern. An Afghan of humble origin, he had risen through military service to be well placed to take advantage of temporary Mughal weakness. The author Aslam Rahi MA penned the lifecycle, wars, and reforms of Sultan Shair Shah of Sur. Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory.. 3. Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. And fortune thus favoured him; After driving out Humayun from Hindustan, Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri. As the Sultan, he improved the administration, carried out currency and revenue reforms, systematised military by reintroducing dagh and chehra, built highways, provided for amenities for travellers, delivered justice, patronised learned men, showed liberal attitude towards non-Muslim objects. After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. Answer: (d) 1605-1627 AD. The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. 3. SHER SHAH SURI Sher Shah Suri, “The Lion King”, founding father of the Suri family, was born in 1472 in geographic area. Sher Shah's political system was monarchical. He adopted Hazrat-i-Ala. He was the source of all power. An ethnic Afghan, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empirein 1538. Question 5. Bahar Khan Lohani of independent ruler of South Bihar (1522) gave him the title ‘Sher Khan’ for killing a tiger single-handed in a hunting adventure, … He regained his kingdom in 1555 after the end of rule of Suri Dynasty. Salient Features of Sher Shah’s General Administration: Sher Shah, by the dint of his military skill, daring acts, great courage and resourcefulness not only established a mighty empire. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Answer. Shēr Shah of Sūr, emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. He declared he would kill every Afghan who refused to be a soldier. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. (a) 1526-1530 AD (b) 1530-1556 AD (c) 1556-1605 AD (d) 1605-1627 AD. Part of Sher Shah Suri's original Grand Trunk Road - the great thoroughfare of northern India . The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. What reforms did Sher Shah introduce to make his army efficient? The Mughals presided over one of the richest empires of its time for 150 years – from the return of Humayun from Persia in 1554 till the death of Aurangzeb in 1707. Governor Shah Farman stresses olive plant growing, honeybee farming Anti-Corruption Establishment recovers Rs1.03b in 2020 KP loses 8 more people to coronavirus Sher Shah carried out full-scale reforms in the country, introduced the rupee as the Indian currency and created a powerful state, however, Allah took his life during one of the military campaigns (Sher Shah died from the explosion of his own ammunition depot) after which his son could not retain the throne and lost the war to Humayun. Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. But he breathed a new spirit in these old institutions and turned them into instruments of popular good. Q. (iv) Military Reforms : Sher Shah was very keen upon increasing the efficiency of his army. There were four ministers to assist him. Sher Shah Suri set up a strong army. The nature of the dynamics in the party needs to be understood before making false analogies with the Mughals and Sher Shah Suri. Make a comparative review of the agrarian reforms of Alau-ud-Din Khalji and Sher Shah Suri. The extent of his empire . He is remembered for his revenue reforms and military reforms, which were on the same lines as that by Khilji. Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender.. 2. Uesugi Kenshin (1530 AD – 1578 AD) – Japanese daimyo who was one of the most powerful lords of the Sengoku Period, fighting many battles with Takeda Shingen. Sher shah was the first who attempted to to found an empire broadly based upon the people’s will. Sher Shah was a great conqueror as well as administrator of medieval India. What is the ruling period of Jahangir? 1. He was the son of a petty Afghan Jagirdar. He established a large standing disciplined, efficient and strong army. Many of these reforms pertained to the army, but the principal reforms for which he is remembered are those connected with revenue administration. Answer. He Was not only a great conqueror but also showed greater qualities as an administrator. cuffed by his stepparent, he left home at associate early age. (a) Babur (b) Humayun (c) Akbar (d) Jahangir. He was born in 1486AD. He organizes his army to be more efficient. The book Sher Shah Suri Novel Pdf is also a historical novel. The Muslim sovereigns of India were chiefly Turks, Afghans or Mongols (Mughals) whose administrative policies were based partly on the Shariah and partly on their own customary usages. Which Sikh Guru’s Martyrdom took place during Jahangir’s reign? All this clearly demonstrates his extra-ordinary qualities of his hand, head and heart. He introduced the currency of rupee. 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